Re: NXP RT1064 board and JLink Debugging
Actually I don’t think mcuxpresso is using JLink, however during the install, mcuxpresso did remove JLink 6.44 and install JLink 6.42. I suspect this is due to the fact that the ide can work with many debuggers.
It appears to be using something called redlinksrv to do debugging. I can see redlinksrv and crt_emu_cm_redlink in the ‘ps -aux’ output while my blinky is running on the RT1064 board
Unfortunately I do not have an external JLink probe that I can use.
The NXP documentation claims that Zephyr is supported by the board, and there seems to be a lot of RT1064 specific code in the Zephyr tree. How have you been testing Zephyr on the RT1064 board?
From: Maureen Helm <maureen.helm@...>
You’re right, I forgot that RT1064-EVK has a different onboard debug circuit than RT1050-EVK. Do you have an external JLink probe you can use?
Are you sure you’re using the JLink GDB server in MCUXpresso IDE? It doesn’t make sense with the DAPLink firmware.
Yes, I added the two configs, and I am only trying “ninja debug”. I did try using OpenSDA from https://www.segger.com/downloads/jlink/OpenSDA_V2_1 unfortunately it will not load onto the RT1064 board, it always fails, and leaves a message in the mass storage device that it has timed out. I think there are two reasons for this 1) the RT1064 board does not use a k20 processor for the debugger, it uses a lpc4322 microcontroller, and 2) I think the image needs to be signed, or at least have a valid crc (hence the “crc” in the bin file nameHere is what I see after copying OpenSDA_V2_1.bin to the maintenance drive. The contents of fail.txt says “The transfer timed out.”
I have tried all of the following bin files with no joy:
The JLink gdb Server works fine with the lpc4322__mimxrt1064_evk_if_crc_20180810.bin firmware when called from the Xpresso IDE.
You have to use JLink firmware to use the JLink GDB server. “lpc4322__mimxrt1064_evk_if_crc_20180810.bin” is DAPLink firmware, not JLink firmware. Try https://www.segger.com/downloads/jlink/OpenSDA_V2_1 instead. Note that this firmware does not enumerate a USB mass storage device.
Did you reconfigure your Zephyr application to link into internal SRAM? To do this, add the following to your prj.conf file:
This configuration will not work with ‘ninja flash’, you can only use ‘ninja debug’.
I don’t think your VM is a problem. I use virtual box all the time.
Thank you Maureen and Antoine
Finally back to this problem. I tried loading several different bin files to the board while in Maintenance mode, most generate and timeout error and don’t successfully load. The only bin file I could successfully load was “lpc4322__mimxrt1064_evk_if_crc_20180810.bin”. When I restart the board it comes up as RT1064-EVK as expected. When I readout the DETAILS.TXT file I get:
# DAPLink Firmware - see https://mbed.com/daplink
Unique ID: 02320000070bfcdd00000000000000000000000097969905
HIC ID: 97969905
Auto Reset: 0
Automation allowed: 0
Overflow detection: 0
Daplink Mode: Interface
Interface Version: 0246
Bootloader Version: 0244
Git SHA: 475c6729c42c688ae33af3af4ea4dbbfe1c35351
Local Mods: 1
USB Interfaces: MSD, CDC, HID, WebUSB
Bootloader CRC: 0xe493996b
Interface CRC: 0x3eb53105
Remount count: 0
This all seems reasonable. I loaded the JLinkexe from the Segger site (apt-get didn’t work for me) and it seems to have no problem finding the board. Finally when I run “ninja flash” I get the following output:
lawrence@VM:~/workspace/rc-demo/RT1064/build$ ninja debug
[0/1] Debugging mimxrt1064_evk
Using runner: jlink
J-Link GDB server running on port 2331
SEGGER J-Link GDB Server V6.44d Command Line Version
JLinkARM.dll V6.44d (DLL compiled Mar 27 2019 17:11:41)
-----GDB Server start settings-----
GDBInit file: none
GDB Server Listening port: 2331
SWO raw output listening port: 2332
Terminal I/O port: 2333
Accept remote connection: yes
Generate logfile: off
Verify download: off
Init regs on start: off
Silent mode: on
Single run mode: on
Target connection timeout: 0 ms
------J-Link related settings------
J-Link Host interface: USB
J-Link script: none
J-Link settings file: none
------Target related settings------
Target device: MIMXRT1064
Target interface: SWD
Target interface speed: auto
Target endian: little
GNU gdb (crosstool-NG 1.24.0-rc2-dirty) 8.2.1
Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
Type "show copying" and "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "--host=x86_64-build_pc-linux-gnu --target=arm-zephyr-eabi".
Type "show configuration" for configuration details.
For bug reporting instructions, please see:
Find the GDB manual and other documentation resources online at:
For help, type "help".
Type "apropos word" to search for commands related to "word"...
Reading symbols from /home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/RT1064/build/zephyr/zephyr.elf...done.
Could not connect to J-Link.
Please check power, connection and settings.:2331: Connection timed out.
"monitor" command not supported by this target.
"monitor" command not supported by this target.
You can't do that when your target is `exec'
The Segger gdb server seems to start up, but gdb doesn’t find it. Does this have something to do with the fact that I am running on a virtual machine (Ubuntu under VirtualBox under Win10), I don’t think this is the problem, I didn’t have any problems with NRF or ST boards running Zephyr.
I did try changing board.cmake to "--device=Cortex-M7", the messages from JLink are slightly different, but the gdb timeout result is the same. Of course “ninja flash” fails.
Any ideas what I should try next? Any other information I can supply?
I rewrote the “Programming and Debugging” sections for all the NXP boards in a PR that was just merged on Friday:
For many of the i.MX RT boards I recommend using an external J-Link probe. Only RT1020 and RT1050 have J-Link OpenSDA firmware capable of programming the Hyperflash/QSPI. As Lawrence said, you could use the generic firmware, but you will need to 1) configure your zephyr application to link into internal SRAM (set CONFIG_CODE_ITCM=y and CONFIG_DATA_DTCM=y) and 2) override the Jlink device argument in board.cmake to "--device=Cortex-M7"
I've been trough that too. It seems that two things are missing on your side. First, you need to install the J-Link tools on your development host. Secondly, you should swap the "OpenSDA" firmware of the debug adapter MCU (U23 on the borad) to enable support for JLink. The default OpenSDA firmware support the CIMSIS-DAP that is supported by OpenOCD for instance. But OpenOCD is not able to program the i.MXRT familly for now (It is still good for RAM runs).
To install the J-Link tools, if you are under Ubuntu Linux, you could just run "sudo apt install jlink". It's what I did and it do the job. Else, you have to manually download and install it from https://www.segger.com/downloads/jlink/. That should provide you the "JLinkExe" command that is missing in your logs.
The "SEGGER" OpenSDA firmware can be downloaded from https://www.segger.com/downloads/jlink/#JLinkOpenSDAGenericFirmwares. Unfortunately it seems that Segger has not released firmware specific to the RT1064 eval board yet. I would try the one for the "MIMXRT1050-EVK-Hyperflash" as the chip are very similar from the memory point of view. How to change the firmware is explained in the board user guide, but in short:
1) Unplug USB.
2) Press&hold SW4 (reset, near debug USB).
3) Replug USB and hold SW4 for 1 or more seconds.
4) A new drive must show up in your host, named "MAINTENANCE"
5) Drag& drop the new firmware to that firmware. After a short programming time, the board shows up as "SEGGER" in the "lsusb" command.
You can revert to the original FW in the same way. The Original FW can be downloaded from https://www.nxp.com/support/developer-resources/run-time-software/kinetis-developer-resources/ides-for-kinetis-mcus/opensda-serial-and-debug-adapter:OPENSDA?&tid=vanOpenSDA.
If you can still not program the board, check that you have the right rights for the USB device. That can requires to setup the proper udev daemon rule. If you install JLink form unbunt repository, that should be already set.
Hope it helps!
On my business trip last week I was handed a i.MX RT1064 board, so today I tried to build and install the blinky progam for it. Unfortunately I am having problem getting Ninja flash or ninja debug to run.
When I started building at the cmake step I discovered my tools were out of date (zephyr-sdk-0.9.5-setup.run instead of zephyr-sdk-0.10.0-setup.run) no problem download the right tools and install them. Then my west install was out of date, again no problem, ‘west update’. Unfortunately it looks like I don’t have JLink support installed. What do I need to do to get that?
Curiously, when I look at the attached USB devices it says my board is ‘ARM DAPLink CIMSIS-DAP ’ which is the same as my nrf52xx boards which run just fine with pyocd. Do I have a i.MX board with a ‘newer’ debugger that is ARM standard, or possibly the people that handed me the board updated it?
Of course I haven’t go to the step where the blinky program actually runs…
FYI - Here is the error message I get when I try ‘ninja flash’:
[0/1] Re-running CMake...
Zephyr version: 1.14.0
-- Selected BOARD mimxrt1060_evk
-- Found west: /home/lawrence/.local/bin/west (found suitable version "0.5.6", minimum required is "0.5.6")
-- Loading /home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/boards/arm/mimxrt1060_evk/mimxrt1060_evk.dts as base
-- Overlaying /home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/dts/common/common.dts
Parsing Kconfig tree in /home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/Kconfig
Loading /home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/RT1060/build/zephyr/.config as base
Configuration written to '/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/RT1060/build/zephyr/.config'
-- Cache files will be written to: /home/lawrence/.cache/zephyr
Including module(s): tinycbor
-- Configuring done
-- Generating done
-- Build files have been written to: /home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/RT1060/build
[99/105] Linking C executable zephyr/zephyr_prebuilt.elf
Memory region Used Size Region Size %age Used
FLASH: 24332 B 8 MB 0.29%
SRAM: 6388 B 32 MB 0.02%
IDT_LIST: 72 B 2 KB 3.52%
[104/105] Flashing mimxrt1060_evk
Using runner: jlink
Flashing Target Device
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/home/lawrence/.local/bin/west", line 11, in <module>
File "/home/lawrence/.local/lib/python3.6/site-packages/west/_bootstrap/main.py", line 479, in main
File "/home/lawrence/.local/lib/python3.6/site-packages/west/_bootstrap/main.py", line 465, in wrap
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/.west/west/src/west/main.py", line 576, in main
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/.west/west/src/west/main.py", line 331, in ext_command_handler
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/.west/west/src/west/commands/command.py", line 85, in run
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/scripts/west_commands/flash.py", line 32, in do_run
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/scripts/west_commands/run_common.py", line 228, in do_run_common
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/scripts/west_commands/runners/core.py", line 407, in run
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/scripts/west_commands/runners/jlink.py", line 99, in do_run
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/scripts/west_commands/runners/jlink.py", line 150, in flash
File "/home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/zephyr/zephyr/scripts/west_commands/runners/core.py", line 466, in check_call
File "/usr/lib/python3.6/subprocess.py", line 286, in check_call
retcode = call(*popenargs, **kwargs)
File "/usr/lib/python3.6/subprocess.py", line 267, in call
with Popen(*popenargs, **kwargs) as p:
File "/usr/lib/python3.6/subprocess.py", line 709, in __init__
File "/usr/lib/python3.6/subprocess.py", line 1344, in _execute_child
raise child_exception_type(errno_num, err_msg, err_filename)
FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 'JLinkExe': 'JLinkExe'
cd /home/lawrence/workspace/rc-demo/RT1060/build && /usr/local/bin/cmake -E env /home/lawrence/.local/bin/west flash --skip-rebuild
ninja: build stopped: subcommand failed.
Connected Transport Market Unit
CONFIDENTIAL: This e-mail and any attachments are confidential and intended solely for the use of the individual(s) to whom it is addressed. It can contain proprietary confidential information and be subject to legal privilege and/or subject to a non-disclosure Agreement. Unauthorized use, disclosure or copying is strictly prohibited. If you are not the/an addressee and are in possession of this e-mail, please delete the message and notify us immediately. Please consider the environment before printing this e-mail. Thank you.